Small-business owners do not have room for error when it comes to payroll. Most small businesses lack large, dedicated human resources teams to manage payroll for them, and they lack the profit margins or legal teams needed to either withstand errors or hold up against litigation. These factors come together to make sophisticated payroll management functions especially important for small organizations.

Human capital management solutions can integrate relevant data pertaining to any element of human resources, giving small business leaders clear visibility into payroll-related data. Having the right information is a key first step, but it is also important that small-business owners understand exactly what is required when managing their payroll. The top 10 things small businesses need to know about payroll are:

Approximately 67 percent of respondents to the 2014 Getting Paid in America survey explained that they would find it either very difficult or somewhat difficult to meet their basic financial demands if their paychecks were to be delayed by a week.

Small businesses depend on just a few workers to maintain operations, and financial stress within the workforce will contribute to tension and lost productivity in the office. Getting behind on payroll tasks and delaying paycheck delivery can have cascading implications for your small business as employees struggle to deal with the fallout of delayed wages.

A great deal of data collection goes into creating an accurate paycheck. Processes that must be completed to ensure payroll accuracy include:

The volume of processes surrounding payroll make efficiency particularly critical for small businesses. Owners who are trying to run every facet of their business need tools that let them efficiently manage these key payroll tasks without taking on unnecessary costs.

Members of the workforce have plenty of opportunities to deduct funds from their paycheck before they are taxed. These strategies impact your deductions for federal and state taxes. Ensuring payroll accuracy is only possible if you are able to effectively distinguish between gross wages (payment earned based on hours worked) and taxable wages (earnings after pretax deductions are removed).

Small-scale tax errors may not seem like a huge problem from a paycheck-to-paycheck basis, but the 2014 Getting Paid in America survey found that Americans are intentional about their tax preferences. Just 5 percent of those polled didnt know that they could fine-tune their deductions to either get more money each paycheck or receive a larger deduction. The vast majority of respondents specifically wanted to either maximize each check or get a larger refund. It is up to you to make sure deductions are handled properly on each paycheck.

Deductions that must be withheld from every paycheck as required by law can be difficult to calculate. Laboring over these deductions can become extremely time-consuming if you have to manually do the math or create equations in spreadsheets each pay period. Some of the key deductions to understand are Social Security which is 6.2 percent of the first $118,500 of taxable wages earned in the calendar year, and Medicare which is 1.45 percent of all taxable earnings in the calendar year.

Some high-income earners will need to pay another 0.9 percent for Medicare. These two deductions are taxes that must be withheld regardless of whether an employee is exempt for some reason from Federal and State Income Taxes.

Other deduction types that can sometimes be difficult to determine the proper handling of are Child Support and/or Garnishment deductions. There are many rules, usually defined by the State, that come into play when determining what the proper amount to withhold from an employee should be and the court orders that are provided by the client are not always easy to read. Because these types of deductions are mandated by law to be properly handled, its imperative that the calculations are done properly, taking all factors into account.

Seven states do not have income taxes, while another two do not tax wages. Florida, Alaska, Texas, Nevada, South Dakota, Wyoming and Washington do not collect income taxes. Tennessee and New Hampshire do not tax wages.

Payroll processing success also hinges on accurately handling voluntary deductions that your staff members may be taking advantage of. Common voluntary deductions include:

Careful organization is needed to stay on top of all of these voluntary deductions on an employee-to-employee basis, even with a small workforce.

The 2014 Getting Paid in America survey found thatdirect depositis, by far, the dominant form of payment in the United States. Approximately 96 percent of respondents said they were receiving their wages through direct deposit. Whats more, many employers provided choices so that workers could choose how they wanted to receive their wages, so the 96 percent use of direct deposit shows that most people are choosing that method, not just having it forced on them.

Full-time, full-time exempt, full-time non-exempt, part-time, contract, temporary, statutory employee, and non-statutory statuses can be applied to your various workers, and each one can impact how your payroll is handled. Make sure you clearly understandwhich employees fall into each categoryand ensure you are taxing properly and delivering benefits correctly with each paycheck.

Establishing documentation for new workers requires that you go through the process of filing W-9 and I-9 forms, taking care of the equivalent state documents, handling SSN verification and recording other key employee data for their files. All of this data must be documented accurately when anemployee startsat your company and maintained over their time working there.

TheFair Labor Standards Actcovers areas like minimum wage, child labor laws and record-keeping requirements. Vacation pay, sick pay, jury duty leave, holidays and breaks are not handled by the FLSA. Pay frequency is also not controlled by the act. Ensuring everyday compliance to the FLSA while maintaining consistent best practices for other elements of payroll is essential to ensuring accuracy in each paycheck.

With so many considerations coming into play with each pay period, small-business owners must carefully track large, complex data sets to ensure every paycheck is accurate. Human capital management systems can track all of the fields specific to your various employees payroll details and automatically feed the correct data through the system, streamlining your pay processes and ensuring accuracy in paycheck calculations.

We do payroll, HR, timekeeping and more for employers all over the country from a small, rural town in Upstate New York. And were constantly publishing articles and other resources to help business owners, HR managers or anyone that helps manage a workforce. Welcome to Payroll Country!

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