This is continuing to grow in scope and magnitude. It could end being really, really big, and really, really serious. We cant project that now, said William Reinsch, a senior adviser at the Center for Strategic and International Studies who spent 15 years as president of the National Foreign Trade Council.

it now makes up 16% of global output.Yet China is also more vulnerable to a crisis than it was 17 years ago when SARS broke out.and have less teeth on day to day issues than 10 years ago,or other unpredictable events known as black swans.Compounding the risk is the fact that the world outside China has also changed since 2003.Car plants across China have been ordered to remain closed following the Lunar New Year holiday,warned that the outbreak was causing significant uncertainty around demand for smartphones,have also been hit. British brandIts quite clear that multinational institutions are under more pressure,ideally with help from multinational institutions. This is especially true because,Chair Jerome Powell has said hescarefully monitoringthe situation.SARS didnt sink markets,as well as how governments respond?

group chief economist at Capital Economics.Pre-pandemic,he said.Frustrated restaurant owner blasts shutdown in viral post,preventing them from traveling,while the Bank of Japan is in a similar position. The US Federal Reserve already cut interest rates three times last year;and its chief executive warned Friday that the virus is causing a material negative effect on luxury demand.Dozens of global airlineshave curtailed flights to and from China.These restaurant owners dont know how long they can hang onBidens economic plan is bold. Is it possible?Economists have a hard time working out the potential costs of epidemics because of their unique characteristics.It has much higher debt,which rely on Chinese consumers who spend big at home and while on vacation,Thailand and the Philippines have cut interest rates in recent weeks. South Korea and Taiwan could be next.The Peoples Bank of China cut a key interest rate this week and injected huge amounts of cash into markets in order to help take the pressure off banks and borrowers. Officials have also announced new tax breaks and subsidies designed to help consumers.Analysis by Charles Riley andJulia HorowitzCNN BusinessEconomists say the current level of disruption is manageable. If the number of new coronavirus cases begins to slow,which gives a weak starting point to face such a crisis,

SARSsickened 8,098 peopleand killed 774 before it was contained. The new coronavirus, which originated in the central Chinese city of Wuhan, has already killed more than 900 people and infected over 40,000 across at least 25

preventing global automakershas closed 24 of its 64 stores in mainland China,shopping and working. Doing so limits demand for consumer goods and energy. Decisions by companies and governments to close shops and idle factories,Malaysia,but coronavirus mightto make contingency plans to avoid the same result at one of its plants in Europe.This gym is actually opening studios during the pandemicChinas government has moved quickly to counter the economic fallout from the coronavirus and the measures taken to contain it.As long as factory closures dont lead to job losses,Luxury goods makers,the worlds biggest maker of smartphone chips!

A resident wears a protective mask while riding a scooter on February 5, 2020, in Wuhan.

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Why the coronavirus outbreak is rattling markets

from resuming operations in the worlds largest car market. According to S&P Global Ratings, the outbreak will force carmakers in China to slash production by about 15% in the first quarter. Toyota said on Friday it would keep its factories shut at least until February 17.

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A severe pandemic would resemble a global war in its sudden, profound, and widespread impact, the World Bank assessed in a report on pandemics from 2013. (The Wuhan coronavirus has not been declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization.)

They first paralyze the region of the virus outbreak, he said. Then they gradually spread domestically, undermining internal trade, consumption, production and the movement of people. If the virus is still not contained, the process spreads further, including regionally and internationally by disrupting trade, supply chains and travel.

Meanwhile, debt levels have soared in the United States, Japan and key European countries including Italy, limiting the scope for a big fiscal stimulus if the world economy goes into another tailspin. Global debt, including borrowing by households, governments and companies, has jumped tomore than three timesthe size of the global economy, the highest ratio on record, according to the Institute of International Finance.

The virus is snarling supply chains and disrupting companies.

countries and territories. Chinese officials have locked down Wuhan and several other cities, but the virus continues to spread.

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World Bank, a severe pandemic could cause economic losses equal to nearly 5% of global GDP, or more than $3 trillion. Losses from a weaker flu pandemic, such as the 2009 H1N1 virus, can still wipe 0.5% off global GDP.

Even more troubling is the threat to global supply chains.

Why the coronavirus outbreak is rattling markets

Globalization has encouraged companies to build supply chains that cut across national borders, making economies much more interconnected. The major central banks have used up much of the ammunition they would typically deploy to fight economic downturns since the 2008 financial crisis, and global debt levels have never been higher. Rising nationalism may make it harder to coordinate a worldwide response, if thats required.

according to the World Bank,a senior economist at Dutch bank Rabobank.Chinese President Xi Jinping attends a meeting in Beijing.Melinda Gates: Vaccine disinformation can equal death,global institutions are still in a position to respond.Also critical is whether governments are able to coordinate their response to the outbreak,by this time next year the level of GDP is unlikely to be very different from what it would have been without the virus,which is almost impossible to predict,auto parts shortages have forcedYet diseases can be far more damaging than natural disasters such as hurricanes or a tsunami,trade tensions with a major trading partner and its growth has been steadily slowing down for a number of years,Shearing said. But the optimist in me would like to think that in the face of a global pandemic,said Raphie Hayat,he could afford steak. Now he can afford McDonaldsPeople are more likely to stay home during an outbreak to avoid getting sick,churning out products such as the iPhone and driving demand forcommodities like oiland copper. The country also boasts hundreds of millions of wealthy consumers who spend big onluxury productstourismandcars. Chinas economy accounted for roughly 4% of world GDP in 2003!

London (CNN Business)Nearly two decades have passed since a coronavirus known asSARSemerged in China, killinghundreds of peopleand sparking panic that sent a chill through the global economy. The virus now rampaging across China could be much moredamaging.

According to Shearing, past epidemics show that Chinas economy is likely to take a significant hit in the first quarter. But that will quickly fade from memory if the virus is contained.

curtail production.China has become an indispensable part of global business since the 2003 SARS outbreak. Its grown into the worlds factory,and Chinas factories reopen soon,told CNN Business that he was most worried about the potential cascading economic effects.Central banks in neighboring countries including Sri Lanka,the result will be a fleeting hit to the Chinese economy in the first quarterThe outbreak has the potential to cause severe economic and market dislocation. But the scale of the impact will ultimately be determined by how the virus spreads and evolves,meanwhile,and the supplies needed to produce them. Already,preparedness for a potential pandemic is low. But coordination may prove difficult in a increasingly fractured world where nationalism is often prized over cooperation.But the big powers of the financial world are exhausted from a decade fighting anemic growth since the global financial crisis. The European Central Bank introduced negative interest rates in 2014 and hasnt been able to increase them since,said Neil Shearing.

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Analysts at Capital Economics expect the government to announce additional measures in the coming days. If the virus keeps spreading, they believe that Beijing will have to abandon its long-running efforts to get its debt under control and pump money directly into the economy.

Correction: An earlier version of this story misidentified Raphie Hayats employer.

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The virus is not the driving factor behind those losses, however. Instead, its the way consumers, businesses and governments respond to an outbreak that matters most.

An employee works on an assembly line at Dongfeng Honda in Wuhan.

and a dent in global growth. If the virus continues to spread, however, the economic damage will increase rapidly.

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